Year 2019 / Volume 111 / Number 6
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Spanish Week of Digestive Diseases 2019

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Year 2019 / Volume 111 / Number 6

Original

Long-term changes on health-related quality of life in patients with chronic hepatitis C after viral clearance with direct-acting antiviral agents

445-452

Silvia Goñi Esarte, Regina Juanbeltz, Iván Martínez-Baz, Jesús Castilla, Ramón San Miguel, José Ignacio Herrero, José Manuel Zozaya,

Background and aim: new direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) achieve high and sustained virological response (SVR) rates, although the long-term effect on patient health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of hepatitis C virus (HCV) clearance with DAAs on HRQoL after one year of follow-up. Methods: this was a prospective observational study of chronic hepatitis C patients who started DAA treatment between May 2016 and April 2017 and completed the EQ-5D-5L questionnaire at baseline, 12 (post-12) and 48 (post-48) weeks after the end of treatment. Patients with SVR were analyzed in order to investigate factors associated with changes in HRQoL. Results: a total of 199 patients were enrolled, 65% were male, 29% had cirrhosis and 32% had HIV co-infection. The proportion of patients with problems in mobility (from 35% to 21%, p = 0.002), usual activities (26% to 11%, p < 0.001), pain/discomfort (60% to 35%, p < 0.001) and anxiety/depression (57% to 35%, p < 0.001) decreased from the baseline to post-48. The median baseline and post-48 EQ-5D utility and visual analogue scale (VAS) score increased from 0.857 to 0.932 (p < 0.001) and from 70.0 to 90.0 (p < 0.001), respectively. HRQoL improvement was observed in all subgroups of patients. According to the multivariate analyses, patients with F2-F4 fibrosis had a higher utility and VAS score improvement at post-48 than F0-F1 patients, and females had a greater improvement in the VAS score. Age ≥ 65 years and HIV co-infection were associated with a lower gain in VAS score (all p < 0.05). Conclusions: hepatitis C virus clearance with DAAs is associated with important long-term improvements in HRQoL. Four of the five EQ-5D-5L dimensions, as well as the utility value and VAS score significantly improved one year after successful treatment with DAAs.

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Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva
The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology is the official organ of the Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva, the Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva and the Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva
© 2019 The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology