Year 2021 / Volume 113 / Number 6
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Year 2021 / Volume 113 / Number 6

Original

Can we optimize CEA as a response marker in rectal cancer?

423-428

Tânia Gago, Paulo Caldeira, Ana Catarina Cunha, Pedro Campelo, Horácio Guerreiro,

Background and aim: carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is a biomarker commonly used in colorectal cancer. However, its prognostic value is still controversial. Recent studies demonstrate that CEA produced locally by tumor cells has a higher prognostic value compared to serum CEA. This study aimed to determine whether there was an association between the CEA/tumor size ratio (CEA/ExT) and the pathological tumor response in patients with rectal adenocarcinoma (ADC), who underwent neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (N-CRT), followed by surgical tumor resection. Methods: a retrospective study was performed of rectal ADC patients who underwent N-CRT followed by curative surgery between March/2012 and October/2017. CEA and tumor extension for pre-treatment CEA/ExT calculation and the pathological response in the surgical specimen after treatment were analyzed. Results: eighty-nine patients were included, 60.7 % were male and the mean age was 63.8 ± 10.42. There was a good response to N-CRT in 41.6 % of the patients, tumor downstaging occurred in 83.1 % and a complete pathological response in 23.6 % of cases. The average CEA/ExT was 2.01 ng/ml/cm. In the univariate analysis, higher CEA/ExT values were related to a lower frequency of pathological response (p = 0.04) and to a lower frequency of tumor downstaging (p = 0.02). In the multivariate analysis, CEA/ExT was independently related to tumor downstaging (OR: 0.72; 95 % IC: 0.53-0.98, p-0.036). Conclusions: lower pre-treatment CEA/ExT values seem to be associated with tumor downstaging and this parameter may be a promising predictor of a more favorable response in patients with rectal ADC undergoing treatment with N-CRT.

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Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva
The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology is the official organ of the Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva, the Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva and the Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva
© 2021 The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology