Year 2019 / Volume 111 / Number 1
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Year 2019 / Volume 111 / Number 1

Original

Delayed gastric emptying following pancreatoduodenectomy: a Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy vs Billroth II gastrojejunostomy randomized study

34-39

Javier Herrera Cabezón, Pablo Sánchez Acedo, Antonio Tarifa Castilla, Cruz Zazpe Ripa,

Introduction: delayed gastric emptying (DGE) is the most common complication after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) and it occurs in 50% of cases. Objectives: the endpoint was to determine if there were any differences in the incidence of DGE between Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy (ReY) and Billroth II gastrojejunostomy (BII) in PD with pancreaticogastrostomy (PG). Methods: this was a case-control prospective randomized study of all PD cases between 2013 and 2016. Sixty-four patients were included, 32 in each group. An intention-to-treat statistical analysis was performed. Results: no significant differences were found with regard to morbidity and mortality or hospital stay. DGE was present in 25% of the patients in the BII group in comparison to 15.6% in the ReY group, which was not statistically significant (p = 0.35). There was a higher percentage of patients with primary DGE in the BII group, 12.5% versus 6.2%, but this was not statistically significant (p = 0.53). No difference in DGE severity was observed. Male gender (OR 8.38 [1.1; 129]), abdominal complications (OR 15 [1.7; 396.9]), pre-operative malnutrition (OR 99.7 [3.3, 11,126]) and hemorrhage (OR 9.4 [1.37, 107.94]) were the main risk factors for DGE according to the multivariate analysis. Conclusions: there were no significant differences in the incidence or severity of DGE between BII or ReY after PD with PG.

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Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva
The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology is the official organ of the Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva, the Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva and the Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva
© 2019 The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology