Year 2018 / Volume 110 / Number 11
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Year 2018 / Volume 110 / Number 11

Original

The long-term recurrence rate and survival of obstructive left-sided colon cancer patients: a stent as a bridge to surgery

718-725

Araceli Ballestero Pérez, Juan Carlos García Pérez, Alfonso Muriel, Javier Die Trill, Eduardo Lobo,

Background: a colonic stent as a bridge to elective surgery for left-sided malignant colonic obstruction is an alternative to the classical treatment. The aim of our study was to evaluate the recurrence rate as well as the morbidity and mortality of this treatment. Patients and methods: patients admitted to the Emergency Department with left-sided malignant colonic obstruction between June 2006 and January 2014 were analyzed in a retrospective observational study. Patients who underwent self-expanding metallic stent placement via endoscopy as a bridge to surgery were included. The observation period was performed until May 2017. Results: fifty-three patients were treated with a colonic stent as a bridge to surgery; nine patients died during the postoperative period. The deceased patients were more frequently male (100% in the deceased vs 62% in the non-deceased, p = 0.02), with a more advanced age (81.4 ± 5.1 vs 71.6 ± 10.8, p < 0.001), lower hemoglobin levels on admission (12.9 vs 13.6 p < 0.001), a greater number of leukocytes (12,918 vs 9,437, p < 0.001) and greater coagulopathy (INR 1.6 vs 1, p < 0.001). Eight patients had a distant relapse with a median disease-free survival of 19.1 months. The variables were compared according to the appearance of distant disease and the mean age was lower in patients with a recurrence (65.9 ± 11.3 vs 74.9 ± 9.9, p < 0.001). Conclusions: the results of the use of a stent as a bridge to curative surgery in patients with obstructive left colon cancer in our hospital is comparable to previous studies.

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Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva
The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology is the official organ of the Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva, the Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva and the Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva
© 2019 The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology