Year 2019 / Volume 111 / Number 1
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Year 2019 / Volume 111 / Number 1

Original

Bile acid malabsorption in patients with chronic diarrhea and Crohn’s disease

40-45

Luisa M.ª Mena Bares, José M. Benítez Cantero, Eva Iglesias Flores, Beatriz Gros Alcalde, Estefanía Moreno Ortega, Francisco R. Maza Muret, Elvira Carmona Asenjo, M.ª Valle García Sánchez, Juan A. Vallejo Casas,

Introduction and aim: Crohn’s disease (CD) is a form of inflammatory bowel disease and is mainly characterized by diarrhea and abdominal pain. The aim of our study was to analyze the usefulness of performing a 75SeHCAT scan in CD patients with chronic diarrhea and suspected bile acid malabsorption (BAM). In addition, we aimed to determine whether there was a relationship with the clinical features of the disease and a previous bowel resection. Patients and methods: this was an observational cross-sectional study of 39 patients with a diagnosis of CD and chronic diarrhea. All cases underwent a 75SeHCAT scan for BAM diagnosis, after discarding disease activity. Results: the study cohort included 19 females and 20 males. The median age was 44 years and the majority of patients were A2 L1 B1 according to the Montreal classification; 84.6% of patients had undergone a previous bowel resection. BAM was present in 97.4% of patients (100% and 83.3% of patients with and without previous surgery, respectively), which was severe in 92.1% of cases. Treatment with bile acid sequestrants was initiated and a favorable response was obtained in 72.2% of patients. The relationship between BAM degree (moderate or severe), bowel surgery and the response to bile acid sequestrant treatment was also analyzed but not statistically significant. Conclusion: BAM is a frequent cause of diarrhea in CD patients in endoscopic or radiological remission. This condition was present in all patients with a history of a bowel resection. A response to bile acid sequestrants treatment was observed in 73% of patients.

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Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva
The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology is the official organ of the Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva, the Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva and the Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva
© 2019 The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology