Year 2019 / Volume 111 / Number 2
Submission and tracking of manuscripts
Instructions to authors

Submission and tracking

SED 2019

SED 2019

Spanish Week of Digestive Diseases 2019

More Information

REED Journal

REED Journal

Play video

Year 2019 / Volume 111 / Number 2

Original

Intestinal IgA positive lymphocytes in acute liver necrosis decrease due to lymphocyte homing disturbance and apoptosis

101-105

Jinlong Fu, Guodong Li, Jianliang Wu, Zhiyong Wang,

Aim: the number of intestinal IgA+ lymphocytes are decreased in acute liver necrosis and the mechanism remains poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to observe the role of lymphocyte homing and apoptosis associated with decreased intestinal IgA positive lymphocytes in acute liver necrosis. Methods: the acute liver necrosis mouse model and LTβR pre-treatment were used to assess intestinal mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1 (MAdCAM - 1) expression, cell apoptosis, IgA+ cells and secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA). Results: MAdCAM – 1 mRNA and protein expression decreased significantly in the acute necrosis group; 0.57 ± 0.032 fold vs. baseline (p < 0.05) and 0.45 ± 0.072 fold vs. baseline (p < 0.05), respectively. LTβR pre-treatment could significantly improve the decline of MAdCAM – 1 mRNA and protein expression in the intestinal mucosa (1.83 ± 0.064 fold vs. baseline, p < 0.05 and 1.75 ± 0.046 fold vs. baseline, p < 0.05, respectively) and partially restore the decline in IgA+ lymphocytes and SIgA levels. There were increased rates of enterocyte apoptosis in both the acute liver necrosis and LTβR pre-treatment group; 0.79% vs. control (p < 0.05) and 0.77% vs. control (p < 0.05), respectively). Conclusion: our results suggest that the dysfunction of lymphocyte homing and apoptosis are both involved with decreased intestinal IgA+ lymphocytes in acute liver necrosis. LTβR pre-treatment can partially restore IgA+ cells and SIgA by increasing MAdCAM – 1 expression, rather than inhibiting lymphocyte apoptosis.

Valoración del lector: Valora este artículo:
Share Button
Send by e-mail

New comment


Security code:
CAPTCHA code image
Speak the codeChange the code
 

Comments

No hay comentarios para este artículo.
Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva
The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology is the official organ of the Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva, the Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva and the Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva
© 2019 The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology