Year 2019 / Volume 111 / Number 2
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Spanish Week of Digestive Diseases 2019

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Year 2019 / Volume 111 / Number 2

Original

Independent factors associated with the impact of gastroesophageal reflux disease on health-related quality of life

94-100

Ana Zatarain Valles, Blanca Serrano Falcón, Ángel Álvarez Sánchez, Enrique Rey Díaz-Rubio,

Background: although a number of factors have been associated with a deterioration in quality of life in gastroesophageal reflux disease, it is not known which has an independent influence. Objective: to evaluate factors independently associated with the impact of gastroesophageal reflux disease on health-related quality of life. Methods: a post-hoc analysis of a prospective cohort of patients diagnosed with gastroesophageal reflux disease was performed. The patients completed validated questionnaires to evaluate health-related quality of life (SF 36), gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERQ) and psychological factors (STAI and SCL 90R). Results: the study included 98 patients. The univariate analysis showed that a deterioration in the physical component of the SF36 was significantly associated with female gender, educational level, age, weight loss, severity of typical symptoms, supraesophageal symptoms and monthly income. The mental component was significantly associated with alcohol consumption, epigastric pain and lower scores on the STAI and SCL90 questionnaires. The multivariate analysis showed an independent association between the physical component of the SF36 and educational level (β = 0.29; p < 0.01), severity of symptoms (β = -0.38; p < 0.001), body mass index (β = -0.30; p < 0.005), state anxiety (β = 0.28; p < 0.01), female gender (β = -0.23; p < 0.05) and dyspepsia (β = -0.21; p < 0.05). Associated variables within the mental component included state anxiety (β = -0.39; p < 0.01) and depression (β = -0.32; p < 0.05). Conclusions: the principal factors independently associated with a deterioration in health-related quality of life in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease included the severity of typical symptoms and the presence of dyspepsia. There is also an additional impact of body mass index and the psychological component.

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Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva
The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology is the official organ of the Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva, the Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva and the Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva
© 2019 The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology