Year 2020 / Volume 112 / Number 1
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Year 2020 / Volume 112 / Number 1

Review

Vedolizumab for treatment of chronic refractory pouchitis: a systematic review with pool analysis

59-63

Davide Giuseppe Ribaldone, Rinaldo Pellicano, Giorgio Maria Saracco, Mario Morino, Marco Astegiano,

Background and objectives: about 1%-2% of patients with chronic refractory pouchitis, in the context of ulcerative colitis, end up with a permanent ileostomy. The aim of this systematic review was to collect all published studies involving patients treated with vedolizumab for chronic refractory or antibiotic-dependent pouchitis and then pool the data regarding the effectiveness of this therapeutic strategy. Methods: a MEDLINE and Web of Science search of all studies published in English until March 17, 2019 was conducted using the terms “vedolizumab and pouchitis”. Results: seven studies with a total of 44 patients with chronic pouchitis were included. Twenty-three out of 44 patients (52.3%) had undergone previous treatment with anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) drugs. At week 12, 33 out of 44 patients (75%) reported clinical improvement. Endoscopic improvement, evaluated within 6 months of the start of vedolizumab therapy, was obtained in 28 out of the 38 patients in whom such data were available (73.7%). Conclusions: this first systematic review published in the literature on this issue suggests that vedolizumab has significant efficacy in chronic refractory or antibiotic-dependent pouchitis, also in patients who failed to respond to other treatments including those with anti-TNF agents.

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Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva
The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology is the official organ of the Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva, the Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva and the Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva
© 2020 The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology