Year 2022 / Volume 114 / Number 8
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Year 2022 / Volume 114 / Number 8

Letter

Sigmoid colon Schwannoma simulating colon cancer

499-500

María de Armas Conde, Ana Soto Sánchez, Moisés Hernández Barroso, Nélida Díaz Jiménez, Luis Eduardo Pérez Sánchez, Guillermo Hernández Hernández, Manuel Ángel Barrera Gómez,

Schwannomas tumours are uncommonly developed in the gastrointestinal tract (2-6%), located in 12% of cases in small and large intestines. An 87-year-old woman was studied due to epigastric pain and dyspepsia. CT scan and colonoscopy showed a neoplastic process in the sigmoid colon. It was performed an oncologic laparoscopic sigmoidectomy. Histological study described a schwannoma and a positive immunohistochemistry to S-100. The diagnostic challenge is that this is a submucosa lesion, therefore, endoscopy biopsy is realized only in the mucosa. This becomes the differential diagnostic very difficult in order to differentiate from another mesenchymal tumor (GIST or leiomyoma). The immunohistochemistry helps in the diagnostic if it is positive to S- 100 and negative to C-KIT, CD-34, actine and desmine (findings of GIST tumors and leiomyoma). In conclusion, schwannoma diagnostic is tough. Those are asymptomatic tumors with nonspecific radiological findings. Diagnostic confirmation is a S-100 positive immunohistochemistry in the histological study.

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Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva
The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology is the official organ of the Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva, the Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva and the Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva
© 2022 The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology