Year 2022 / Volume 114 / Number 2
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Year 2022 / Volume 114 / Number 2

Original

Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial on the usefulness of probiotic Lactobacillus reuteri in bismuth-containing quadruple eradication therapy for infection with Helicobacter pylori

89-95

Carolina Moreno Márquez, Paula Fernández Álvarez, Teresa Valdés Delgado, Luisa Castro Laria, Federico Argüelles Arias, Ángel Caunedo Álvarez, Blas José Gómez Rodríguez,

Introduction: the primary goal of this study was to compare gastrointestinal symptom reduction in patients on bismuth-containing quadruple eradication therapy supplemented with Lactobacillus reuteri strains (DSM 17938 and ATCC PTA 6475) or placebo. Materials and methods: this was a randomized, double-blind, parallel-arm, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Patients received a first-line eradication regimen based on bismuth subcitrate potassium, metronidazole, tetracycline hydrochloride (three-in-one capsules) and omeprazole 40 mg twice a day for ten days, plus a probiotic or placebo tablet for 30 days. During follow-up, gastrointestinal symptoms were assessed using an evaluation scale (GSRS), and adverse events were collected at 0, 14, 28 and 56 days. Results: a total of 80 patients were included from February 2018 to May 2019 at a single site. Eradication therapy was effective in 85 % of patients, with no differences between treatment arms. In the group receiving the probiotic, abdominal pain decreased in 42 % of patients, compared with 19 % in the control group (OR: 0.27; CI, 0.13-0.58; p < 0.001), and abdominal distension decreased in 25 % versus 17 % in the control group (OR: 0.24; IC, 0.19-0.84; p < 0.001); Conclusions: treatment with L. reuteri only reduced abdominal pain and distension. Further studies are needed to establish the role of probiotics as adjuvant therapy in H. pylori eradication.

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10/02/2022 21:27:36
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Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva
The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology is the official organ of the Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva, the Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva and the Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva
© 2022 The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology