Year 2022 / Volume 114 / Number 5
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Year 2022 / Volume 114 / Number 5

Original

Impact of Epstein-Barr virus infection on inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) clinical outcomes

259-265

Andrea Núñez Ortiz, María Rojas Feria, María Dolores de la Cruz Ramírez, Lourdes Gómez Izquierdo, Claudio Trigo Salado, José Manuel Herrera Justiniano, Eduardo Leo Carnerero,

Objective: to evaluate the role of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) on the intestinal mucosa in the evolution of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The risk factors for EBV infection and the frequency of EBV-associated lymphoproliferative disorders in IBD patients were also investigated. Methods: intestinal biopsies of IBD patients with available EBV status determined by Epstein-Barr-encoding RNA (EBER) in situ hybridization were identified in the Pathology Database of our center. Clinical information, including phenotypic characteristics of IBD, previous treatments, diagnosis of lymphoma and patient outcome were reviewed in all cases. Results: fifty-six patients with IBD (28 Crohn’s disease, 27 ulcerative colitis and one unclassified colitis) were included. EBV in intestinal mucosa was positive in 26 patients (46 %) and was associated to a lymphoproliferative syndrome in one case. EBV positivity was associated with severe histological activity (52 % vs 17.2 %; p 0.007), the presence of a lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate (50 % vs 33.3 %; p 0.03) and active steroid treatment (61.5 % vs 33.3 %; p 0.03). Multivariate analyses only found an association between EBV and lymphoplasmacytosis (p 0.001). Escalation in previous treatment was significantly more frequent in the EBER+ group (53.8 % vs 26.7 %; p 0.038). No cases developed lymphoma during follow-up. Conclusions: EBV on the intestinal mucosa is associated with a poor outcome of IBD and the need for escalation of therapy. Lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate is associated with EBV infection. EBER+ patients used steroids more frequently compared with EBER- patients. No EBER+ patients developed lymphoma during follow-up.

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Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva
The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology is the official organ of the Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva, the Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva and the Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva
© 2022 The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology