Year 2022 / Volume 114 / Number 5
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Year 2022 / Volume 114 / Number 5

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Emergency department frequentation and unscheduled readmissions within the first year after liver transplantation, and their impact on survival

266-271

Paula Molina Ávila, María Jesús Citores Sánchez, Ana Arias Milla, Laura Benítez, Esther Montero Herández, Valentín Cuervas Mons,

The aim of this study was to assess emergency room frequentation, visit causes, and unscheduled readmissions within the first year after discharge from hospital following liver transplantation. Their impact on graft and patient survival was also assessed. This was a retrospective study of the medical records of 98 patients (mean age, 55.6 ± 8.59 years, 77.6 % males) who were consecutively discharged from hospital after undergoing a first liver transplant in our institution during 2012-2015. All visits to the emergency room during the first years after transplantation were analyzed, and survival at two years after transplantation was calculated. Fifty-six of the 98 patients (57.15 %) visited the emergency room on 117 occasions within the first year post-transplantation. Fever (n = 34; 29.05 %) and digestive symptoms (n = 32; 27.35 %) were the most common causes of consultation, and resulted in over half of visits. Thirty-five of these 56 patients (62.5 %) required an urgent readmission during 50 of the 117 (42.7 %) visits. This was primarily due to infectious complications (44 %) of diverse causes (bacterial pneumonia, cholangitis, Clostridium difficile colitis) and biliary tract-related issues. The likelihood of readmission increased from 11.22 % at 30 days after discharge to 22.4 % at 90 days after discharge. Patient survival at 1 and 2 years after transplantation was lower for patients who were readmitted (88.4 % and 80.7 %, respectively) when compared to those who were not readmitted (95.56 % and 91.17 %, respectively, p = 0.002).

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Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva
The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology is the official organ of the Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva, the Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva and the Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva
© 2022 The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology