Year 2022 / Volume 114 / Number 5
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Year 2022 / Volume 114 / Number 5

Letter

Cytomegalovirus associated rectal ulcer as a manifestation of primary HIV infection

308

Silvia Espina Cadena, Elena del Valle Sanchez, Yolanda Martínez Santos, María Badía Martínez, Patricia Camo Monterde,

We present the case of a 40-year-old male sent for fatigue, mild weight loss and rectal bleeding for 2 months, neither fever nor diarrhea. He referred unprotected intercourse. Blood test revealed mild elevation of transaminases. We requested serologies, with positive CMV IgG and CMV plasma levels of 47UI/ml (PCR), and a negative result of the rest of hepatotropic viruses. Abdominal ultrasound was normal and during colonoscopy we observed an ulcer in lower rectum, with negative biopsies for malignancy and a positive immunohistochemistry (IHC) for CMV. We amplified the serologic analysis and detected positive antibodies for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), with a viral load of 50500 copies/ml, negative p24 antigen and CD4+ cell count of 900 cells/mm3 (30%). Rest of serologies and triple-site testing were negative. We referred the patient to the infectious disease consultation and they started antiretroviral therapy (ART). We decided a watchful waiting approach for the rectal ulcer with close endoscopic follow-up, with early healing and complete resolution.

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Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva
The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology is the official organ of the Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva, the Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva and the Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva
© 2022 The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology