Year 2019 / Volume 111 / Number 1
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Year 2019 / Volume 111 / Number 1

Case Report

Expanding the mutational spectrum of the ABCB4 gene in inherited adult cholestatic liver disorders with four novel pathogenic variants


Minh-Tuan Huynh, Jean-Louis Delaunay, Laure Muller, Christophe Corpechot, Cong Toai Tran, Véronique Barbu,

Low phospholipid-associated cholelithiasis and intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy are two MDR3-related inherited liver disorders caused by biallelic or monoallelic ABCB4 loss-of-function variants. Low phospholipid-associated cholelithiasis is clinically characterized by the early onset of symptomatic cholelithiasis in young adults while intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy is a distinct clinical entity associated with adverse fetal outcomes. Of note, patients carrying ABCB4 sequence variations commonly exhibit phenotypic expression over a wide continuum due to environmental and hormonal contributing factors and genetic modifiers. Patients with an early diagnosis of MDR3-related diseases could benefit from ursodeoxycholic acid treatment in order to prevent acute and chronic complications as well as adverse pregnancy outcomes. We herein report five patients with an overlapping phenotype from low phospholipid-associated cholelithiasis to intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, harboring five ABCB4 missense variants, four of which were novel. Our study highlights the phenotypic and genetic heterogeneity of inherited cholestatic liver diseases and also expands the mutation spectrum of ABCB4 sequence variations in adult cholestatic liver diseases.

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Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva
The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology is the official organ of the Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva, the Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva and the Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva
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