Año 2019 / Volumen 111 / Número 8
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Año 2019 / Volumen 111 / Número 8

Original

HCV eradication with all-oral therapy in cirrhotic HIV-coinfected patients: an observational study of early changes in liver function and fibrosis tests

626-632

Lourdes Domínguez Domínguez, Mariano Matarranz, María Lagarde, Otilia Bisbal, Asunción Hernando, Carlos Lumbreras, Rafael Rubio, Federico Pulido,

Introduction: liver laboratory tests improve in hepatitis C virus (HCV)-monoinfected and cirrhotic patients who achieve HCV cure after interferon-free treatment. Objective and methods: this study evaluates the changes in those tests in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive subjects with an eradicated HCV-coinfection using direct-acting antivirals and with a pre-therapy liver stiffness ≥ 14.6 kPa or clinical data of cirrhosis. Serum albumin, bilirubin, creatinine, platelet count and international normalized ratio (INR) values were collected at baseline, week 4, at the end of treatment and 24 weeks after the end-of-treatment. Fibrosis-4 score (FIB4) and Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) score values were calculated and liver stiffness was estimated by transient elastography at baseline and 24 weeks after the end-of-treatment. The means were compared with the Student’s t test or the repeated measures ANOVA test. Results: direct-acting antivirals were prescribed to 131 HIV/HCV-coinfected cirrhotic patients. A sustained virological response was confirmed in 120 cases. Albumin, bilirubin and platelet count values improved in the entire population 24 weeks after the end-of-treatment. INR and MELD score values decreased when patients with atazanavir and/or acenocoumarol were excluded and liver fibrosis tests significantly diminished. Nine patients developed liver decompensation and there were three deaths. Conclusion: in conclusion, HCV eradication was associated with a short-term improvement in biochemical liver function and fibrosis tests in HIV-coinfected patients with cirrhosis, although clinical events still occur.

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Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva
The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology is the official organ of the Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva, the Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva and the Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva
© 2019 The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology