Year 2020 / Volume 112 / Number 2
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Year 2020 / Volume 112 / Number 2


Evolution of perioperative quality of life in patients under enhanced recovery after surgery care in colorectal cancer


Miguel León Arellano, Patricia Tejedor, Héctor Guadalajara, Mario Ortega, Damián García Olmo, Carlos Pastor,

Background: the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocols aim to improve postoperative outcomes by obtaining a functional rehabilitation after surgery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of ERAS on the quality of life (QOL) of patients undergoing colorectal cancer surgeries. Methods: a cohort observational study was designed of patients with colorectal cancer undergoing elective surgeries during a one-year period. Patients were included when the ERAS protocol was fully achieved for all the interventions, including the expected hospital discharge day. Patient reported outcomes (PROs) were evaluated by the EORTC QLQ-C30 and the QLQ-CR29 questionnaires on three different occasions: baseline before surgery and on postoperative days 7 and 30. Results: the study included 40 patients who completed QOL evaluations with a mean age of 70 ± 11 years. There were no statistical differences between preoperative and postoperative QOL scores. By subgroups of QOL items, a significant decrease was observed in physical activity and role functioning when comparing preoperative vs postoperative status, whereas the cognitive, social and emotional functioning scales were similar or improved over time. Conclusions: in our experience, surgery under ERAS protocols did not have an impact on decreasing global QOL in patients undergoing elective colorectal cancer surgery. The use of ERAS protocols in colorectal surgery achieves a positive influence, not only by decreasing surgical-related complications but also in terms of functional recovery, by decreasing the negative effects of surgery on patient QOL.

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Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva
The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology is the official organ of the Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva, the Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva and the Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva
© 2021 The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology