Año 2020 / Volumen 112 / Número 9
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Año 2020 / Volumen 112 / Número 9

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Refractory tracheoesophageal fistula management with Amplatzer Occluder® placement


João Carlos Silva, Pedro Braga, Daniel Coutinho, Carlos Fernades,

Tracheoesophageal fistulas (TEF) in adults can be managed either surgically or endoscopically, depending on their etiology, size, anatomy and patient comorbidities. A 68-year-old female was admitted to the ER due to dysphagia and a cough. The patient had a medical history of TEF resulting from a tracheostomy and prolonged mechanical ventilation. Previous endoscopic treatment had failed, namely 3-attempts of closure with an over-the-scope clip (OTSC®). The patient refused surgery. After a multidisciplinary discussion (Gastroenterology, Pneumology, Surgery and Interventional-Cardiology), we decided to attempt Amplatzer-Occluder® placement. An 8mm Amplatzer-Occluder® was placed from the tracheal side, with sequential opening of the esophageal and tracheal strands (under endoscopic, bronchofibroscopic and fluoroscopic visualization). Nevertheless, migration of the device occurred 8-weeks later. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) was placed and the patient was referred to surgery. When there is extensive fibrosis that is not amendable to the application of clips, atrial septal defect occluder devices can be considered to manage TEF. Nevertheless, there is a need to develop strategies to minimize migration risk.

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Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva
The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology is the official organ of the Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva, the Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva and the Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva
© 2020 The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology