Year 2021 / Volume 113 / Number 9
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Year 2021 / Volume 113 / Number 9


Dead-end stomach: a giant and pedunculated gastric pyloric gland adenoma conditioning gastric outlet obstruction and anemia


Raquel Pimentel, Elisa Gravito-Soares, Marta Gravito-Soares, Pedro Figueiredo,

We present the case of a 69-year-old female undergoing esophagogastroduodenoscopy for iron-deficiency anemia investigation. She reported intermittent bloating, nausea and vomiting. A pedunculated polyp was identified arising from the greater curvature of the middle gastric body, with a long fibroelastic stalk (30mm) and a 60mm congestive head that prolapsed towards the pyloric ring, causing a complete gastric outlet obstruction (GOO). An en-block polypectomy was performed. An intraprocedural oozing bleeding from a large visible vessel at the residual stalk was managed using endoloop®. Histo-immunohistochemistry showed a R0-resection of a mixed-type gastric pyloric gland adenoma (PGA) positive for MUC-5AC and MUC-6 mucins, in a surrounding H. pylori-negative non-atrophic chronic gastritis. She became asymptomatic with anemia resolution. Adenomas account for up to 10% of gastric polyps. Histologically, they are categorized into intestinal, foveolar, pyloric and oxyntic types (1). PGA is a rare subtype, accounting for less than 3% of all gastric polyps (2). PGAs are usually solitary at gastric body, and occur in association with autoimmune gastritis, H. pylori and chemical gastritis (2). A normal background gastric mucosa has also been described (35.8%) (3). PGAs are devoid of apical mucin cap and label by both MUC-5AC and MUC-6 (2). Choi et al. (3) defined three PGA immunohistochemical phenotypes: pure pyloric-type (25.4%), with strong MUC-6 expression; predominant foveolar-type (3%), with MUC-5AC diffuse expression but ≤10% of MUC-6 expression and no foveolar differentiation; and mixed-type (61.2%), with variable MUC-5AC/MUC-6 expression. Most PGAs are asymptomatic, but clinically significant because of their potential for malignant transformation (12-47%) and complications, including gastrointestinal bleeding and obstruction (1, 3). GOO is rare, causing intermittent symptoms by polyp intussusception (ball-valve-syndrome) (4, 5). PGA management is challenging, depending on size, morphology and location. This case illustrates a successful endoscopic resection as a minimally invasive procedure of a doubly complicated PGA.

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Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva
The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology is the official organ of the Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva, the Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva and the Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva
© 2021 The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology