Year 2020 / Volume 112 / Number 8
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Year 2020 / Volume 112 / Number 8

Original

Prognostic significance of lymph node count in high-risk node-negative colon carcinoma

609-614

Patricia Martínez Ortega, Javier A. Cienfuegos, Jorge Baixauli, Carlos Sánchez Justicia, Marta Abengózar, Carlos Pastor Idoate, José Luis Hernández Lizoáin,

Background: the prognostic value of the number of lymph nodes isolated (< 12 versus ≥ 12) in the surgical specimen continues to be controversial. In this study, the impact of isolating fewer or more than 12 lymph nodes in stage II colon cancer with a high-risk biologic phenotype was analyzed, such as the presence of perineural invasion. Methods: all cases of stage II disease (T3-4N0M0) with perineural invasion (PNI+) were retrospectively identified from a prospective database of patients undergoing surgery for colon cancer. The cohort was divided into two groups depending on the number of lymph nodes isolated (< 12 vs ≥ 12). Apart from clinical and surgical data, the patterns of recurrence, overall (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) at five and ten years were analyzed. Results: sixty patients met the inclusion criteria, 31.7 % had < 12 lymph nodes isolated and 68.3 % had more than 12 isolated. There were no clinical or surgical differences between the two groups. OS at five and ten years was significantly lower in the patients with < 12 lymph nodes isolated (84.2 %, 62.7 % vs 94.6 % and 91.6 %, p = 0.01). DFS at five and ten years was 51 % vs 86.5 %, respectively (p = 0.005). Conclusion: the number of lymph nodes isolated (with a cutoff of 12) in stage II colon cancer with PNI+ has prognostic value and should therefore be borne in mind when planning adjuvant chemotherapy.

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Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva
The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology is the official organ of the Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva, the Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva and the Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva
© 2020 The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology