Year 2021 / Volume 113 / Number 1
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Year 2021 / Volume 113 / Number 1

Review

Inflammatory bowel disease and solid organ transplantation

60-64

María del Pilar Martínez Montiel, Begoña Casis Herce,

The population of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and solid organ transplant (SOT) is increasing. Two clinical scenarios exist, recurrence of pre-existing IBD, which is more common, and de novo development of IBD, with a much higher incidence than in the general population. Their clinical course differs and may have a negative impact on the graft in both cases. The pathophysiological mechanisms remain unknown and no specific treatment recommendations are available. The combined effect of biologic therapy against IBD and immunosuppressive therapy against a potential rejection means that close monitoring is mandatory to identify infection, autoimmune events and malignancies. The colorectal cancer (CRC) rate is higher in this population. The group at greatest risk are patients with IBD undergoing liver transplantation (LT) for primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC).

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Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva
The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology is the official organ of the Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva, the Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva and the Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva
© 2021 The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology