Year 2021 / Volume 113 / Number 1
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Year 2021 / Volume 113 / Number 1

Digestive Diseases Image

A mycotic hepatic artery aneurysm, a rare complication of aortic valve endocarditis


Jaime López-Sánchez, José Quiñones Sampedro, Luis Muñoz-Bellvís,

A 58-year-old male underwent an aortic valve replacement due to an acute aortic regurgitation for aortic valve endocarditis. The patient maintained febrile syndrome during the postoperative period, in spite of broad-spectrum antibiotics. The CT scan showed an aneurysmal dilatation (45 mm in diameter) on the right hepatic artery. The appearance of a rapidly growing aneurysmal lesion, which was observed in previous radiologic examinations, suggested a diagnosis of a mycotic aneurysm secondary to infective endocarditis. A selected angiography of the celiac trunk was performed, which confirmed the diagnosis. An endovascular approach was applied and an aneurysm coil embolization was performed. Targeted antibiotic therapy was applied during 6 weeks and the patient showed an improvement and was discharged. He is currently asymptomatic. Discussion Mycotic hepatic artery aneurysms (MHAAs) are uncommon (less than 0.1%) and mainly affect the extrahepatic region (1). In most cases, MHAAs are asymptomatic and a high clinical suspicion is needed. Arteriography is the gold standard and it can be used as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool (2). MHAAs are associated with a high risk of rupture, even in patients without symptoms suggestive of MHAA or previous endocarditis (3). Thus, an early diagnosis and treatment is necessary. Surgery or endovascular techniques may be performed. The endovascular approach is accepted in intrahepatic MHAAs or in high risk patients (1,3). In our patient, a radiological exam was needed due to the persistent febrile syndrome. An endovascular approach was performed after a multidisciplinary team decision.

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Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva
The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology is the official organ of the Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva, the Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva and the Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva
© 2021 The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology