Año 2018 / Volumen 110 / Número 7
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Año 2018 / Volumen 110 / Número 7

Original

HLA-DQ distribution and risk assessment of celiac disease in a Spanish center

421-426

Eva Martínez-Ojinaga, Manuel Molina, Isabel Polanco, Elena Urcelay, Concepción Núñez,

Aims: celiac disease is a multisystem immune-mediated disease triggered by gluten in genetically susceptible individuals. The HLA-DQ2 and/or HLA-DQ8 heterodimers are encoded by the main genetic predisposing factors and their presence is required for the development of the immunological response that leads to the disease. However, the HLA-conferred risk can differ within different countries. The aim of the study was to analyze the risk of Spanish children to develop celiac disease according to their HLA-DQ genotype. Methods: a retrospective observational case-control study was performed using a sample of 475 celiac patients and 628 controls. Results: children carrying the HLA-DQ2.5 had the highest disease risk, especially those with two HLA-DQB1*02 alleles. A similar high risk was observed in HLA-DQ8 homozygous individuals. A risk conferred by HLA-DQ8 in heterozygosity and HLA-DQ2.2 was also found and two patients with celiac disease carried the HLA-DQ7.5 haplotype as the only HLA risk factor. Conclusions: there are four genetic risk categories according to the HLA-DQ genotype. The HLA-DQ7.5 genotype does not confer risk but should not be used to rule out celiac disease when a high suspicion of the disease exists. These findings could be relevant to determine when to perform serological screening in asymptomatic subjects at risk of celiac disease.

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Española de Endoscopia Digestiva y la Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva
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