Year 2019 / Volume 111 / Number 4
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Year 2019 / Volume 111 / Number 4

Original

Metabolic characterization of two different non-alcoholic fatty liver disease pre-clinical mouse models

301-307

Rocío Gallego-Durán, Leticia Álvarez-Amor, Antonio Gil-Gómez, Ángela Rojas, Rocío Muñoz-Hernández, Antonio Cádernas-García, Douglas Maya-Miles, Rocío Montero-Vallejo, Sheila Gato, Yolanda Sánchez Torrijos, Javier Ampuero, Francisco Martín, Manuel Romero-Gómez,

Introduction: non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is one of the most prevalent liver disorders in the developed world. Currently, there is no approved pharmacological therapy except for lifestyle intervention. Therefore, there is a need to increase the knowledge of preclinical models in order to boost novel discoveries that could lead to a better therapeutic management. Material and methods: this study characterized the effects of two different diets, a long-term high-fat high-fructose diet (HF-HFD) and a choline-deficient, methionine supplemented high-fat diet (CDA-HFD) in C57BL/6J mice for 52 weeks or 16 weeks, respectively. Body weight, lipid and hepatic profile were analyzed and liver histology was subsequently evaluated. Results: HF-HFD animals had an increased body weight and total cholesterol levels, whereas the opposite occurred in CDA-HFD. Both HF-HFD and CDA-HFD animals had higher ALT and AST levels. With regard to histology findings, HF-HFD and CDA-HFD diets induced an increased collagen deposit and intrahepatic steatosis accumulation. Conclusion: in conclusion, the comparison of these models aided in the selection of a long-term, more physiological model for physiopathology studies or a more rapid NASH model for novel molecule testing.

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Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva
The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology is the official organ of the Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva, the Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva and the Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva
© 2019 The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology