Year 2019 / Volume 111 / Number 4
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Spanish Week of Digestive Diseases 2019

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Year 2019 / Volume 111 / Number 4

Original

Comparative study of overweight and obese patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

256-263

Rocío Aller, Beatriz Burgueño Gomez, Rebeca Sigüenza, Conrado Fernández-Rodríguez, Natalia Fernández, Beatriz Antolín, Miguel Durà, María Pina, Sara Lorenzo, Concepción García, Daniel de Luis Román,

Background and aims: non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disorder in the western world. Although NAFLD prevalence is higher in patients with a BMI > 25 kg /m2, it is unclear if there are differences between overweight and obese patients. The associated biochemical, dietary and genetic parameters were compared between overweight and obese patients with NAFLD. Methods: patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD (n = 203) were enrolled in a cross-sectional study. The MEDAS questionnaire was used to assess adherence to the Mediterranean diet. Biochemical, anthropometrical parameters and the I148M variant (rs738409) of the PNPLA3 gene and rs180069 of the TNF-α gene were evaluated. Results: overweight patients had higher serum adiponectin levels (22.5 ± 21.9 vs 11.2 ± 18.1 ng/ml; p < 0.05) and lower resistin (3.3 ± 1.7 vs 8.1 ± 8 ng/ml; p < 0.001) and leptin concentrations (22.9 ± 21.9 vs 55.8 ± 45 ng/ml; p < 0.001) than obese patients. Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) was more frequent in the obese group (59.3% vs 41.3%; p = 0.02). The multivariate analysis showed adherence to the Mediterranean diet to be an independent protective factor for NASH and liver fibrosis in overweight patients (OR 0.7, 95% CI 0.5-0.8). Conclusions: NASH was more prevalent in obese patients than in overweight subjects. HOMA-IR and adherence to the Mediterranean diet provided protection against fibrosis in overweight patients. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was the only independent factor associated with NASH in these patients.

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Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva
The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology is the official organ of the Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva, the Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva and the Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva
© 2019 The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology