Year 2019 / Volume 111 / Number 1
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Year 2019 / Volume 111 / Number 1


Delayed gastric emptying following pancreatoduodenectomy: a Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy vs Billroth II gastrojejunostomy randomized study


Javier Herrera Cabezón, Pablo Sánchez Acedo, Antonio Tarifa Castilla, Cruz Zazpe Ripa,

Introduction: delayed gastric emptying (DGE) is the most common complication after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) and it occurs in 50% of cases. Objectives: the endpoint was to determine if there were any differences in the incidence of DGE between Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy (ReY) and Billroth II gastrojejunostomy (BII) in PD with pancreaticogastrostomy (PG). Methods: this was a case-control prospective randomized study of all PD cases between 2013 and 2016. Sixty-four patients were included, 32 in each group. An intention-to-treat statistical analysis was performed. Results: no significant differences were found with regard to morbidity and mortality or hospital stay. DGE was present in 25% of the patients in the BII group in comparison to 15.6% in the ReY group, which was not statistically significant (p = 0.35). There was a higher percentage of patients with primary DGE in the BII group, 12.5% versus 6.2%, but this was not statistically significant (p = 0.53). No difference in DGE severity was observed. Male gender (OR 8.38 [1.1; 129]), abdominal complications (OR 15 [1.7; 396.9]), pre-operative malnutrition (OR 99.7 [3.3, 11,126]) and hemorrhage (OR 9.4 [1.37, 107.94]) were the main risk factors for DGE according to the multivariate analysis. Conclusions: there were no significant differences in the incidence or severity of DGE between BII or ReY after PD with PG.

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The Spanish Journal of Gastroenterology is the official organ of the Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva, the Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva and the Asociación Española de Ecografía Digestiva
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